BurgundyHistory


  • AD 312 - First firm evidence of vineyards in Burgundy in a document submitted to the Emperor Constantine
  • 456 - Invasion of the Burgondes, a Scandinavian tribe who gave their name to the region.
  • 800 - Coronation of the Emperor Charlemagne, owner of vineyards in Aloxe Corton including what is now Corton-Charlemagne.
  • 910 - Foundation of the Abbey of Cluny
  • 1098 - Foundation of Citeaux. The Cistercian monks plant widely in the Cote de Nuits.
  • 1364 - Philip the Bold becomes first Valois Duke of Burgundy. Burgundy almost develops into a kingdom in its own right. First mention of Pinot Noir around this time.
  • 1395 - Duke Philip bans the 'bad and disloyal' Gamay grape from his territories.
  • 1477 - Death of Charles the Rash, last Duke of Burgundy. Burgundy is annexed by the kingdom of France.
  • 1720 - First negociant house, Champy, is founded. Bouchard follows in 1731.
  • 1789 - French Revolution. Old aristocratic and religious landowners are disenfranchised. The subsequent introduction of the Napoleonoic legal code encourages fragmentation of vineyard holdings.
  • 1874 - Arrival of Phylloxera. The bug is excommunicated at Autun Cathedral but with no visible effect. Replanting after the scourge is limited to the best sites and planting is done in rows for the first time.
  • 1935 - Appellation system established.

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