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Romania has had a long history of wine-making, the Dacians pre-dating both Greek and Roman civilisations. Wine-making flourished under the Roman occupation and the early middle ages, but was limited when Wallachia and Moldavia came under the influence of the Ottoman Empire, although Transylvania remained independent. Romania as an integrated and independent country came into being in 1878, and thereafter, particularly in the lead up to the first world war looked to France both culturally and politically, resulting in extensive planting of French varieties after the ravages of phylloxera.
The wine industry suffered from the depression between the wars and was taken into state control with the emergence of the communist regime in the late 1940s. The focus during the communist years was on quantity rather than quality, this only changing gradually after the revolution of 1989 and the liberalisation that allowed EU membership in 2007.
The wine industry in Romania has recently benefitted from overseas investment and technology transfer, but has also looked back to the indigenous grapes that made its reputation in the 19thC and early 20thC. Figures for 2012 rank it 13th in the wine producing countries of the world, making nearly double the volume of New Zealand.