The South suffered a drought, that in Tuscany, no rain from May 25th until early September, was the second driest since records began in 1800! This was proceeded by a cold winter and wet spring, interfering with the flowering, giving low yields and naturally thick skins - high skin to pulp ratio – structure and natural concentration; something that suited Umbria’s Sagrantino. Puglia seems to have suffered more than Calabria and Sicily, where Gaglioppo and Nerella Mascalese, respectively, have performed well thanks to benevolent weather in September and October. The North also suffered poor flower set, after a late and very cold winter snap, and hence lower yields. Hot summer was punctuated by hail (in Barolo and Castiglione Falletto) and rain storms. Relief came in the form of early Sept rain, hence harvest took place later than the unusually early 2011 vintage, favouring the late ripening varieties (eg Nebbiolo) and resulting in classic wines that, in Piedmont, resemble 2008. The Veneto was hit by rain during the Sept/Oct harvest, spoiling the vintage.