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Burgundy Wine Guide

Burgundy has over 100 different appellations, numerous individual vineyards and more than 3,000 individual producers. It is located in the heart of France with a relatively continental climate, featuring cold winters and hot summers. 

To discover a wealth of information about Burgundy, click on one of the Burgundy links below or expand the Burgundy Guide tab left on the Wine Knowledge Panel.

Burgundy at a Glance

The prevailing winds in Burgundy are southerly (hot), south-west (wet), north-west (mixed) and north-east (cool, dry).

The underlying geological formation in Burgundy is clay-limestone from the Jurassic era. There are many different types - bathonian, bajocian, oolitic, kimmeridgian, portlandian and each  has its own characteristics. The endless variations possible between the type of underlying rock, the nature of the topsoil, drainage, slope, aspect to the sun etc. account for the myriad differing characteristics of the various vineyards.

The principal grapes are Chardonnay for white and Pinot Noir for red.

Viticultural Burgundy covers five regions in three departments:

  • Chablis & the Auxerrois - Yonne
  • Côte de Nuits - Côte d'Or
  • Côte de Beaune - Côte d'Or
  • Côte Chalonnaise - Saone-et-Loire
  • Maconnais - Saone-et-Loire

Total production from 26,500 hectares of vines is 1.5m hectolitres, which equates to 200 million bottles of wine. Production is two thirds white wine to one third red wine.