Burgundy has over 100 different appellations, numerous individual vineyards
and more than 3,000 individual producers. It is located in the heart of France
with a relatively continental climate, featuring cold winters and hot
To discover a wealth of information about Burgundy, click on one of the
Burgundy links below or expand the Burgundy Guide tab left on
the Wine Knowledge Panel.
Burgundy at a Glance
The prevailing winds in Burgundy are southerly (hot), south-west (wet),
north-west (mixed) and north-east (cool, dry).
The underlying geological formation in Burgundy is clay-limestone from the
Jurassic era. There are many different types - bathonian, bajocian, oolitic,
kimmeridgian, portlandian and each has its own characteristics. The
endless variations possible between the type of underlying rock, the nature of
the topsoil, drainage, slope, aspect to the sun etc. account for the myriad
differing characteristics of the various vineyards.
The principal grapes are Chardonnay for white and Pinot Noir for red.
Viticultural Burgundy covers five regions in three departments:
- Chablis & the Auxerrois - Yonne
- Côte de Nuits - Côte d'Or
- Côte de Beaune - Côte d'Or
- Côte Chalonnaise - Saone-et-Loire
- Maconnais - Saone-et-Loire
Total production from 26,500 hectares of vines is 1.5m hectolitres, which
equates to 200 million bottles of wine. Production is two thirds white wine to
one third red wine.